Engineering is a very vast and most opted field among students, hence IITs and NITs do not need any introduction as such. But when it comes to choosing among these two most popular and prestigious institutes in India, it’s always a hassle for us.

Both IITs and NITs play a vital role in promoting the structure of the education system in India. Though these two institutions are the best of all options to pursue Engineering in India, they have differences in many aspects which you need to understand before joining these institutes.

Here, in this article, we will discuss about all the differences between IIT Vs NIT and every necessary details you need to know about IIT and NIT like their eligibility criteria, courses offered at IITs and NITs, career opportunities, etc, so that you can easily select which institution is best for you to fulfil your dreams.


What is IIT?

The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are one of the most prestigious and globally appreciated engineering institutes in India. Every year these IITs create accomplished engineers, scientists and technologists. The first IIT that is IIT Kharagpur was established in 1951. And after that 4 new IITs were inaugurated in 1960 in Bombay, Delhi, Madras and Kanpur.

In India there are 23 IITs established in different cities that run various undergraduate and postgraduate programs in the field of electrical engineering, Mechanical engineering, computer and software engineering, civil engineering, Architecture and planning, chemical engineering, etc.


What is NIT?

National Institutes of Technology (NITs) are autonomous institutes for engineering that  are governed and maintained by the state government of India. Earlier, these NITs were known as Regional Engineering Colleges (RECs). In 2007, NIT was declared as Institutes of National Importance (INI) under the National Institute of Technology Act.

Most of the NITs offer both Bachelor and Master’s degree programs in various branches of Science, Engineering, Architecture and Management. In India, there are a total of 31 NITs in various states to provide better education in all sectors of engineering.


IIT Vs NIT: Eligibility criteria and Admission Procedure

At present, there are a total of 23 IITs and 31 NITs in India and every year lakhs of candidates appear for entrance examinations with an aim to get a seat in the top IITs or NITs. But to get admission in these prestigious institutes IITs vs NITs, you need to score the minimum cutoff marks in the entrance exams.

Every candidate has a very common question: what is the criteria for admission in IIT vs NIT; what is the admission procedure of IIT vs NIT; how to get admission and a seat in IIT vs NIT; and many more. So here we have provided all the basic details of the IIT vs NIT admission process.

Admission Process for IIT

  • To get admission in IITs you need to clear your higher secondary examination with Physics, Chemistry and Maths as compulsory subjects.
  • After that you need to qualify JEE Mains examinations and be among the top 1,50,000 ranks then only you’ll be eligible for JEE Advanced.
  • Then you must have to clear the toughest exam JEE Advanced and score at least 10% in each subject Physics, Chemistry & Maths and minimum 35% marks in aggregate.
  • Your All India Rank will decide which among the 23 IITs you will get by the Joint Seat Allocation Authority.
  • To get placed in the top IITs, you need to clear all the examinations listed above with a very good rank.

Admission Process for NIT

  • To get admission in NITs you need to secure a minimum of 75% aggregate marks (65% for SC/ST) in higher secondary examinations with Physics, Chemistry and Maths as your compulsory subjects.
  • After 12th, you have to qualify the JEE Mains examination, and then only you will get admission in an NIT which is allotted by the Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA) as per the All India Rank you have scored.

For Postgraduate Courses

For the candidates who want to take admission in an IIT program, Joint Admission Test for MSc. (IIT JAM) is conducted for them but if a candidate has missed a seat in IIT JAM, then CCMN counseling will be their next option for the NITs.


IIT Vs NIT: Number of Institutes in India

In India, there are a total of 23 IITs and 31 NITs in various states providing a high quality of education in the field of engineering and technology.

 S.No. Indian Institutes of Technology Established in (year) National Institutes of Technology Established in (year)
1 IIT Kharagpur 1951 NIT Allahabad 2002
2 IIT Bombay 1958 NIT Bhopal 2002
3 IIT Kanpur 1959 NIT Nagpur 2002
4 IIT Madras 1959 NIT Jaipur 2002
5 IIT Delhi 1961 NIT Calicut 2002
6 IIT Guwahati 1994 NIT Surat 2002
7 IIT Roorkee 2001 NIT Durgapur 2002
8 IIT Bhubaneswar 2008 NIT Kurukshetra 2002
9 IIT Gandhinagar 2008 NIT Hamirpur 2002
10 IIT Hyderabad 2008 NIT Jalandhar 2002
11 IIT Ropar 2008 NIT Jamshedpur 2002
12 IIT Patna 2008 NIT Rourkela 2002
13 IIT Jodhpur 2008 NIT Karnataka 2002
14 IIT Indore 2009 NIT Warangal 2002
15 IIT Mandi 2009 NIT Silchar 2002
16 IIT (BHU) Varanasi 2012 NIT Tiruchirappalli 2002
17 IIT Palakkad 2015 NIT Srinagar 2003
18 IIT Tirupati 2015 NIT Patna 2004
19 IIT Dhanbad (ISM) 2016 NIT Raipur 2005
20 IIT Bhilai 2016 NIT Agartala 2006
21 IIT Goa 2016 NIT Arunachal Pradesh 2010
22 IIT Dharwad 2016 NIT Goa 2010
23 IIT Jammu 2016 NIT Uttarakhand 2010
24 NIT Delhi 2010
25 NIT Manipur 2010
26 NIT Sikkim 2010
27 NIT Meghalaya 2010
28 NIT Mizoram 2010
29 NIT Nagaland 2010
30 NIT Puducherry 2010
31 NIT Andhra Pradesh 2015


IIT Vs NIT: Quality of Education

If we talk about the quality of education provided in IIT vs NIT, it is more or less similar in both these institutes. Both IITs and NITs provide extremely good quality of education and produce qualified engineers, but at the same time it’s obvious that IITs are ahead of the NITs because of their high standard of studies and values.

IITs are top-level engineering colleges in India having an experienced and accomplished faculty and renowned for their educational standards. But still some old and prestigious NITs such as NIT Trichy, NIT Surathkal and NIT Warangal are far better than newly formed IITs (Palakkad and Tirupati).


IIT Vs NIT: Courses Offered

Both IITs and NITs are the most prominent institutions for engineering in India offering various undergraduate and postgraduate degree courses.Here is a detailed list of all the courses offered at IITs vs NITs:

Courses offered at IITs

Undergraduate Postgraduate Doctorate
Bachelor of Technology (BTech) Master of Technology (MTech) PhD
Bachelor of Architecture (BArch) Master of Architecture (MArch)
Bachelor of Science (BS) Master of Science (MSc)
Dual Degree M.Sc MS
Dual Degree MA Master of Business Administration (MBA)
Master of Design
Post Graduate Diploma (PGDIPL)
Master in Medical Science & Technology (MMST)
Postgraduate Diploma in Maritime Operation & Management (PGDMOM)
Post Graduate Diploma in Information and Technology (PGDIT)


Courses offered at NITs

  Undergraduate Postgraduate Doctorate
Bachelor of Technology (BTech) Master of Technology (MTech) PhD
Bachelor of Architecture (BArch) Master of Architecture (MArch)
Bachelor of Science (BS) Master of Science (MSc)
Dual Degree (BTech-MTech) Master of Business Administration (MBA)
Dual Degree (BS & MS) MS

Some of the popular BTech programs offered at IITs and NITs:

  • Computer Science & Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Metallurgical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Electronics & Communication Engineering
  • Production Engineering
  • Electrical & Electronics Engineering
  • Aerospace engineering
  • Automobile Engineering


IIT Vs NIT: Fee Structure

Fee Structure of IIT vs NIT is one of the major parts of these university comparisons. Although both of these institutes are under the control of fundamental governmental bodies of the country, fee structures are relatively different for IIT vs NIT.

Fee structure of NITs is generally lower than that of IITs.Here are the fee structures for the general category in IIT vs NIT across India.

  • In 2016, the tuition fee for all Undergraduate courses (including B.Tech) was rectified from Rs. 90,000 per year to Rs. 2 lakh per year under the NDA government. This is the current scenario also in these colleges.

The IIT panel and the former HRD ministry had approved that:

  • Candidates who belong to families with an annual income of less than Rs.1 lakh will get full exemption.
  • SC, ST and the differently-abled group are also eligible to get a full exemption from the fee.
  • Students belonging to families with an annual income less than 5 Lakhs will be entitled to a two-thirds exemption, irrespective of their caste category.
  • After IITs, fee structure in NITs had also seen a hike from Rs 70,000 to Rs 1.25 lakh per annum for both undergraduate as well as postgraduate courses.
  • This hike in fee structure is due to the aim of providing more resources so that the highest quality education can be provided in these institutions.


IIT Vs NIT: Placements and Packages

It’s a fact that students choose to study in IITs because of their extraordinary placement records. If we compare the placements of IIT vs NIT, the placements for NITs continued more domestically with international recruiters from Microsoft, Ernst, Facebook & Young, amongst others. Here is a list of all the top recruiters at IIT vs NIT:

  • IIT – Dell, Samsung, Rubrik, Microsoft, Morgan, Tata Steel, Stanley, Uber, Goldman Sachs, Oyo, Qualcomm.
  • NIT – Cisco, Qualcomm, Amazon, Arcesium, AppDynamics, Oracle, SAP.


Students from an IIT receive the average package between 12-15 lakhs per annum for BTech courses, and this package is only for domestic companies. For the placement in any foreign MNCs, these students can get offers worth crores as well.

For corporate positions, an IITian can expect average packages around 10-12 lakhs per annum and for research positions it can be 6-8 lakhs for other different courses. A student pursuing MBA from IITs can expect an average package of 16-25 lakhs as their starting offers. These offers can be more sometimes.


For BTech and engineering students passing out from NITs, the average packages start around 10-15 lakhs per annum. The package offered to BArch students is around 5-6 lakhs per annum. For other BS and MS courses, the average package offered ranges between 5-7 lakhs per annum, and an MBA can expect an offer ranging from 6-8 lakhs per annum.

But still there are some students from NITs, who have got better job placements than students from newly formed IITs. Hence, we can say that only institutions can not decide the placement and package of a student, it is their talent and knowledge.


IIT Vs NIT: Facilities and Infrastructure

The facilities provided and the infrastructure are also one of the important factors that define the quality of an institute.IITs are formed much before NITs and their infrastructures are wider and equipped with latest advanced technologies than NITs.

The labs of IITs are renowned as the best for any engineering and technological college in India and their classrooms are filled with excellent digital learning instruments and technologies.

In order to carry out research in various fields  IITs provide better machinery and the best facilities to students and hence projects that are undertaken by these institutes are widely accepted.

IITs have also preserved prototype models of renowned scientists in mini museums such as the functional prototype of the ‘Van De Graff Generator’ invented by Robert Jemison Van de Graaff asserted by IIT Kanpur.

When we talk about NITs, they are productivity-driven and provided with basic amenities. These institutes are still going through their development phase.

The social presence of these institutions creates an equal reach among all the engineering aspirants and pursuers and gives them worldwide acceptance.


IIT Vs NIT: Extra Curricular Activities

Both IITs and NITs conduct several extra curricular activities apart from the course. These institutes provide students ample opportunities to participate in national and international level competitions every year under sports and other extracurricular activities to explore their passion.

The extracurricular activities conducted by IITs and NITs in their campuses are:

  • Music
  • Dance
  • Quizzing
  • Drama
  • Hindi Samiti
  • Debate Club
  • Student Welfare


IIT Vs NIT: Cultural Fests and Sports

Both IITs and NITs do not focus only on their students to excel academically, they also provide exciting sports facilities and extracurricular activities amongst the students. If you are a part of these institutes, you should not miss these inter-college competitions:

Cultural Fests in IIT

  • Kshitij
  • Techfest
  • Nvision
  • Technex
  • Shaastra
  • Cognizance

Cultural Fests in NIT

  • Utkarsh
  • Advaitam
  • Confluence
  • Utkansh
  • Aarohi
  • Saptrang



On a concluding note, both of these institutes IIT vs NIT are government and reputed engineering institutes of India. Selecting the best college can be challenging for you, hence we have discussed IIT vs NIT in all aspects to make it easier.

If we compare IIT vs NIT in all aspects like placement, quality of education, infrastructure, courses offered, etc, it is evident that IITs are better than NITs. But it’s not always about IIT or NIT, it’s about your specific branch of interest as in the long run branch you are opting really matters.

We can also say that the top 3 NITs (Nit Trichy, Nit Surathkal and Nit Warangal) are better than most of the newly formed IITs. So, at the end decision is yours.

  • Post category:Engineering